Class 3 Maths - Syllabus, Tips & Tricks, FAQs (2023)

Class 3 maths imparts fundamental skills in students that are an important part of a child’s math learning. It develops skills that enables them to work with bigger numbers and advanced concepts related to geometry, arithmetic and numbers. In Class 3 maths the basic operations of single-digit addition or subtraction shift to word problems that require students to understand how these computational methods are applied and how to interpret them in different scenarios.

Class 3 Maths Syllabus

Class 3 Maths syllabus intends to help young learners acquire all mathematical concepts with ease. It comprises topics related to shapes, numbers, addition, subtraction, and more. The general syllabus of Class 3 maths is outlined as follows.

Geometry (Shapes and Spatial Understanding)

  • Recognizing two-dimensional shapes (2D shapes).
  • Creating shapes by paper folding and paper cutting.
  • Describing 2d shapes by stating their corners, sides and diagonals.
  • Making shapes on dot grid using straight lines and curves.
  • Creating shapes using tangram pieces.
  • Matching the properties of 2d shapes by observing their sides and vertices (corners).
  • Tiling a given region using a tile of a given shape.
  • Distinguishing between shapes that tile and that do not tile.
  • Reading simple maps.
  • Drawing 3d objects.

Numbers (Number Sequence up to 1000)

  • Reading and Writing 3-digit numbers.
  • Expanding a number with respect to place values.
  • Counting in different ways starting from any number.
  • Comparing numbers.
  • Forming greatest and smallest numbers using the given digits.

Addition and Subtraction

  • Adding and subtracting numbers by writing them vertically with regrouping and without regrouping.
  • Using the place value in standard algorithm of addition and subtraction.
  • Solving addition and subtraction problems in different situations shown through stories and pictures.
  • Framing problems for addition and subtraction facts.
  • Estimating the sum, the difference between two numbers.


  • Explaining the meaning of multiplication as repeated addition.
  • Identifying the sign of multiplication and constructing multiplication tables of 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10.
  • Using multiplication facts in situations.
  • Multiplying two-digit numbers using the standard algorithm and Lattice multiplication algorithm.


  • Explaining the meaning of division with respect to grouping and sharing.
  • Relating multiplication with division.
  • Completing division facts by grouping and by using multiplication tables.

Mental Arithmetic

  • Adding and subtracting single-digit numbers and two-digit numbers mentally.
  • Doubling two-digit numbers mentally in which the sum should not go beyond two digits.


  • Converting Rupee to paise using play money.
  • Adding and subtracting amounts using column addition and subtraction without regrouping.
  • Making rate charts and bills.

Measurement (Length)

  • Appreciating the need for a standard unit.
  • Measuring length using appropriate standard units by choosing between metres and centimetres.
  • Estimating the length of a given object in standard units and verifying by measuring.
  • Using a ruler and relating metres and centimetres.

Measurement (Weight)

  • Weighing objects using non-standard units.
  • Appreciating the conservation of weight.

Measurement (Volume)

  • Measuring and comparing the capacity of different containers in terms of non-standard units.
  • Appreciating the conservation of volume.


  • Reading a calendar to find a particular day and date.
  • Reading the time correct to the hour.
  • Sequencing the events chronologically.

Data handling

  • Recording data using tally marks.
  • Collecting data and representing in terms of pictograph choosing the appropriate scale and unit to display through pictographs.
  • Drawing conclusions from the data by discussing it with the teacher.


  • Identifying simple symmetrical shapes and patterns.
  • Making patterns and designs from straight lines and other geometrical shapes.
  • Identifying patterns in the numerals for odd numbers and even numbers.
  • Identifying patterns in the surroundings.
  • Identifying patterns in multiplication with and division by 10s.

The Class 3rd Maths syllabus can be covered by following the topics given above and also by relating the topics with the day-to-day scenarios. This will make the topic interesting and also help the students gain confidence while solving the questions.

Develop Class 3 Maths Skill

Class 3 maths introduces children to some new concepts related to multiplication and division, mental arithmetic, and so on. Students build a competency to work comfortably with four-digit numbers and their arithmetic computations, like addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication. Thus, reinforcement of these concepts through interactive activities is highly beneficial.

Multiplication and Division

Multiplication and division are among some of the key math skills that a child develops in class 3. Parents can help their children learn these computations with simple real-life calculations. For example, calculating the number of days remaining for an event that is three weeks away or figuring out how many weeks it will take to save their pocket money for buying a new toy or game.


In Class 3 geometry students need to form an understanding of various two-dimensional shapes including polygons and circles. For determining the similarities and differences among these shapes students need to have a clear understanding of the characteristics of each of them. Building a clear understanding of various properties of two-dimensional shapes like the number of sides, edges, and angles is vital for students to determine their area, perimeter and other related values in the higher classes.

Measuring and Comparing

Developing the concept of measurement and comparison is important for class 3 maths students to estimate different quantities. Place the measuring cups in a line and ask the kids to fill up each cup with grains. Once all cups are filled, ask them to identify the biggest cup or the smallest cup and many such questions related to measurement. You can also keep some cups half-filled and ask the kids questions such as which is a heavier and lighter cup etc.

Class 3 Maths Tips and Tricks

For class 3 maths, the following tips can be used to help the students develop an interest in the subject.

Apply Math in Everyday Life

Children tend to memorize the concept and topics more when they are able to use their new math concepts in their everyday life. Try to incorporate basic math concepts into everyday activities. Let your child count objects regularly and pose easy counting challenges, such as counting the number of steps on a flight of stairs or the number of red cars you see while driving. Take opportunities to count by twos or fives or tens, for example, ask them to count the pile of coins with the same number.

Play Math Games

Play math games and solve math puzzles. Solving puzzles is a great way to develop important visual discrimination skills, or the ability to recognize differences and similarities in shape, form, pattern, size, position, and color. The time spent in commuting or waiting in a car can be utilized to play math games with your child.

Use Money to Practice Math

While studying class 3 maths, students begin to grasp the concept of money. Make combinations of bills and coins using money from your wallet or your child’s piggy bank. Ask them to write the amount for different groupings. In this way, they will also develop an interest in the subject.

Class 3 Maths Worksheets

Solving Class 3 maths worksheets helps the students to improve their reasoning skills. These worksheets are prepared in such a way that the students learn how to manage their time and solve the questions in the correct format and timing. These worksheets cover all the topics of class 3 maths and make it easier for the students to remain inclined towards the subject. They can verify the answers that are given at the end of the worksheet.

Solved Examples on Class 3 Maths

Example 1:

Ria has read 68 pages of a storybook. Jai has read 25 pages of that same storybook. Who has read more pages and how many more?


Number of pages that Ria has read = 68

Number of pages that Jai has read = 25

Ria has read more pages because 68 > 25

The number of extra pages that Ria has read = 68 - 25 = 43

Ria has read 43 pages more than Jai.

Example 2:

If 48 books need to be distributed equally between 3 students, how many books will each student get?


Number of books = 48

Number of students = 3

Number of books that each student will get is 48 ÷ 3 = 16

Therefore, each student will get 16 books.

Class 3 Maths - Syllabus, Tips & Tricks, FAQs (1)

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Practice Questions on Class 3 Maths

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FAQs on Class 3 Maths

How many Chapters are there in Class 3 Maths?

In Class 3 Maths, the following chapters are covered. There are 14 Chapters in all.

  1. Where to Look From?
  2. Fun with Numbers
  3. Give and Take
  4. Long and Short
  5. Shapes and Designs
  6. Fun with Give and Take
  7. Time Goes on
  8. Who is Heavier?
  9. How Many Times?
  10. Play with Patterns
  11. Jugs and Mugs
  12. Can we Share?
  13. Smart Charts
  14. Rupees and Paise

How to Teach Maths to Class 3?

Class 3 Maths can be taught to students keeping the following points in mind.

  • The basics of the students should be checked first. If they know the concepts of the previous class, then the new chapters of class 3 can be started.
  • It should be ensured that the students are fluent in the multiplication tables up to 8. This helps a lot in all sorts of calculations.
  • The teachers should ensure that the students practice the questions related to the topic. This can be done using Class 3 Maths worksheets.
  • One of the effective methods of making them practice the subject is regular verbal and written assessments. This helps in exploring the weaker areas of the students and makes it easier for the teacher/parent to help the child work on those particular areas or topics.

How do you Solve Word Problems in Class 3 Maths?

In order to solve word problems in class 3 maths, the students can be told these techniques so that they are able to solve word problems easily.

  • Let the children read the problem loudly to themselves.
  • Let them draw a figure to understand and identify the problem or look for the relevant keywords like 'sum', 'difference', 'product', and so on.
  • Ask them to write the quantity that is required.
  • Ask them to write the quantities that are given.
  • Finally, let them solve and check their answers.

What are the Maths Topics for Class 3?

The lessons and topics that are studied by the students in class 3 maths are as follows:

  • Geometry (Shapes and Spatial Understanding)
  • Numbers (Number Sequence up to 1000)
  • Addition and Subtraction
  • Multiplication
  • Division
  • Mental Arithmetic
  • Money
  • Measurement (Length)
  • Measurement (Weight)
  • Measurement (Volume)
  • Time
  • Data Handling
  • Patterns

What Geometry is taught in Class 3 Maths?

In class 3 maths, the topics that are covered under Geometry are as follows.

  • Recognizing two-dimensional shapes (2D shapes).
  • Creating shapes by paper folding and paper cutting.
  • Describing 2d shapes by stating their corners, sides and diagonals.
  • Making shapes on a dot grid using straight lines and curves.
  • Creating shapes using tangram pieces.
  • Matching the properties of 2d shapes by observing their sides and vertices (corners).
  • Tiling a given region using a tile of a given shape.
  • Distinguishing between shapes that tile and that do not tile.
  • Reading simple maps.
  • Drawing 3d objects.
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