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- Peppers Ranked by Scoville Heat Units
Written by Carly Hallman
What are the hottest peppers in the world, and which are the mildest? We ranked 110 different types of peppers to find the hottest ones on the Scoville heat scale. While some peppers are considered to be sweet, with a Scoville Heat Units (SHU) measurement of 0, others have reached more than 2 million on the Scoville heat scale and are considered to be the hottest peppers in the world. This hot pepper scale has become something of a challenge in recent years, with growers trying to create the next hottest pepper and claim the world title. With Scoville units reaching into the millions, our hot pepper list is not for the faint of heart! Which is the hottest pepper on this list that you’ve tried?
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Peppers Ranked by Scoville Heat Units Transcript
|Name of Pepper||Minimum Scoville Heat Units||Maximum Scoville Heat Units||Country of Origin|
|Pepper X (Still waiting for verification from Guinness World Records to be the official hottest pepper)||3,180,000||3,180,000||United States|
|Dragon’s Breath Pepper (No official testing has been done yet)||2,480,000||2,480,000||United Kingdom|
|Carolina Reaper (Guinness World Records Hottest Chili Pepper in 2018)||1,400,000||2,200,000||USA|
|Komodo Dragon Pepper||1,400,000||2,200,000||United Kingdom|
|Trinidad Moruga Scorpion||1,200,000||2,000,000||Trinidad|
|Trinidad Scorpion Chocolate||1,200,000||2,000,000||Trinidad|
|7 Pot Douglah||923,889||1,853,986||Trinidad|
|7 Pot Brown||800,000||1,853,396||Trinidad|
|Dorset Naga||544,000||1,598,227||United Kingdom|
|Naga Morich||1,000,000||1,500,000||United Kingdom|
|Trinidad Scorpion “Butch-T”||800,000||1,463,700||Australia|
|7 Pot Brain Strain||1,000,000||1,350,000||Trinidad|
|Infinity Pepper||1,067,286||1,250,000||United Kingdom|
|Spanish Naga||1,086,844||1,200,000||United Kingdom|
|7 Pot Jonah||800,000||1,200,000||Trinidad|
|Bedfordshire Super Naga||900,000||1,120,000||United Kingdom|
|Bhut Jolokia Chocolate||800,000||1,001,304||India|
|7 Pot Bubblegum||800,000||1,000,000||United Kingdom|
|Red Savina Habanero||200,000||577,000||USA|
|Yucatan White Habanero||200000||500000||Mexico|
|Caribbean Red Habanero||300,000||475,000||Mexico|
|White Bullet Habanero||250,000||400,000||Carribean|
|Guyana (Wiri Wiri) Pepper||100,000||350,000||Guyana|
|Scotch Bonnet Pepper||100,000||350,000||Caribbean|
|Habanero Pepper||100,000||350,000||South America|
|Madame Jeanette Pepper||100,000||350,000||Suriname|
|Devil’s Tongue Pepper||125,000||325,000||USA|
|Charleston Hot Pepper||70,000||100,000||USA|
|Byadgi Chili Pepper||50,000||100,000||India|
|Prairie Fire Pepper||70,000||80,000||Mexico|
|Tien Tsin Pepper||50,000||75,000||China|
|NuMex XX Hot Pepper||60,000||70,000||USA|
|Super Chili Pepper||40,000||50,000||USA|
|Rooster Spur Pepper||30,000||50,000||USA|
|Cayenne Pepper||30,000||50,000||French Guyana|
|Black Cobra Pepper||20,000||40,000||Venezuela|
|Jwala Finger Hot Pepper||20,000||30,000||India|
|Lemon Drop Pepper||15,000||30,000||Peru|
|Chile de Arbol||15,000||30,000||Mexico|
|Black Pearl Pepper||10,000||30,000||USA|
|Bishop’s Crown Pepper||5,000||30,000||Brazil|
|Black Prince Pepper||5,000||30,000||Mexico|
|Count Dracula Pepper||5,000||30,000||Unknown|
|Bulgarian Carrot Pepper||5,000||30,000||Hungary|
|Hungarian Wax Pepper||1,000||15,000||Hungary|
|Cherry Bomb Pepper||2,500||5,000||United States|
|Alma Paprika Pepper||2,000||3,000||Hungary|
|NuMex Big Jim||2,500||3,000||USA|
|Black Hungarian Pepper||100||2,500||Hungary|
|Cajun Belle Pepper||100||1,000||USA|
|Italian Long Hot Pepper||100||1,000||Italy|
|Santa Fe Grande Pepper||500||700||USA|
|Banana Pepper||0||500||South America|
|Carmen Italian Sweet Pepper||0||500||Italy|
|Tangerine Dream Pepper||0||100||USA|
|Italian Sweet Pepper||0||100||Italy|
|Purple Beauty Pepper||0||0||South America|
|Sweet Bell Pepper||0||0||Mexico|
How Are Scovilles Units Measured?
The Scoville scale is a measurement of the heat of chili peppers and other spicy foods. The concentration of capsaicin, the chemical responsible for adding spicy heat to foods, is measured and recorded in Scoville Heat Units (SHU). The Scoville heat scale was created by Wilbur Scoville, an American pharmacist. In 1912 he created a method called the Scoville Organoleptic Test. This method would extract capsaicin oil from a dried pepper and then dilute it with sugar water until a panel of professional taste-testers could no longer detect the heat. The amount of dilution needed to reach that point would determine the assigned Scoville units for each pepper.
The Scoville Organoleptic Test was imprecise due to human subjectivity, so in the 1980s, this spicy scale began to be measured using high-performance liquid chromotography. This measures the concentration of capsaicinoids, and the results are converted to Scoville Heat Units by multiplying the parts per million by 16.
The Scoville Heat Ranking of 20 Different Types of Common Peppers
- Pepper X: Scoville rating of 3,180,000
- Carolina Reaper: Scoville rating of 1,400,000–2,200,000
- Ghost Pepper: Scoville rating of 800,000–1,041,427
- Habanero: Scoville rating of 100,000–350,000
- Scotch Bonnet: Scoville rating of 100,000–350,000
- Charleston Hot: Scoville rating of 70,000–100,000
- Thai Pepper: Scoville rating of 50,000–100,000
- Tabasco Pepper: Scoville rating of 30,000–50,000
- Cayenne Pepper: Scoville rating of 30,000–50,000
- Serrano Pepper: Scoville rating of 10,000–23,000
- Sport Pepper: Scoville rating of 10,000–23,000
- Jalapeño: Scoville rating of 2,500–8,000
- Chipotle Pepper: Scoville rating of 2,500–8,000
- Cherry Bomb: Scoville rating of 2,500–5,000
- Poblano: Scoville rating of 1,000–2,000
- Ancho Pepper: Scoville rating of 1,000–1,500
- Peppadew: Scoville rating of 1,100–1,200
- Pepperoncini: Scoville rating of 100–500
- Banana Pepper: Scoville rating of 0–500
- Sweet Bell Pepper: Scoville rating of 0
What Is the Hottest Pepper in the World?
The certified hottest pepper in the world is the Carolina Reaper, at 2,200,000 Scoville units. The Guinness Book of World Records recognized Smokin’ Ed’s Carolina Reaper as the hottest chili pepper in the world in 2018. It beat its own 2013 record by 71,000 SHU to regain its title as the hottest chili pepper in the world. To put this amount of heat into perspective, the Carolina Reaper pepper is 200 times hotter than a jalapeño.
While the Carolina Reaper is currently recognized as the hottest pepper in the world, it has some serious competition on the hot pepper scale. Pepper X, which was also grown by Smokin’ Ed Currie, has taken 10 years to develop, but it is supposed to be far hotter than the Carolina Reaper. While it’s currently awaiting verification from the Guinness World Records committee, the Pepper X Scoville units are said to have topped the hotness scale at 3,180,000; that’s almost one million Scoville units hotter than the Carolina Reaper!
The Dragon’s Breath pepper, rumored to clock in on the Scoville heat scale at 2,480,000 SHU, has never been officially tested, and an application to Guinness World Records is still awaiting confirmation. This pepper is not meant for commercial consumption and instead was developed to be used as a natural anesthetic for those with allergies to the typical anesthetics used in medical procedures.
Top 10 Hottest Peppers in the World
- Pepper X: Scoville rating of 3,180,000
- Dragon’s Breath Pepper: Scoville rating of 2,480,000
- Carolina Reaper: Scoville rating of 1,400,000-2,200,000
- Komodo Dragon Pepper: Scoville rating of 1,400,000-2,200,000
- Trinidad Moruga Scorpion: Scoville rating of 1,200,000-2,000,000
- Trinidad Scorpion Chocolate: Scoville rating of 1,200,000-2,000,000
- 7 Pot Douglah: Scoville rating of 923,889-1,853,986
- 7 Pot Brown: Scoville rating of 800,000-1,853,396
- Dorset Naga: Scoville rating of 544,000-1,598,227
- Naga Morich: Scoville rating of 1,000,000-1,500,000
Can the Hottest Pepper Kill You?
Yes, some of the hottest peppers on this chart could kill you, but you would need to eat a good amount at once for this to happen. Studies have found that 3 pounds of dried and powdered capsaicin-rich peppers, like the Ghost Pepper or the Carolina Reaper, eaten by a 150-pound person in a short period of time would be enough to kill them.
Capsaicin is a neurotoxin, and large quantities of it can cause difficulty breathing, seizures, heart attacks, and death if enough has been ingested. While eating a single pepper of a million-plus Scoville units won’t kill you, it could cause hours to days of discomfort as your body tries to digest the pepper. This is why many recommend just flavoring your food with these super-spicy peppers, rather than eating them whole.
What Is the Sweetest Pepper in the World?
The sweetest pepper in the world is the sweet bell pepper, with an SHU of 0. Bell peppers are part of the capsicum species, yet they are the only capsicum that doesn’t produce the spicy chemical capsaicin that’s found in a majority of peppers.
Bell peppers can be found in a range of colors depending on how early they were picked during their growing cycle. Green is the least ripe and therefore the most bitter, orange and yellows are sweeter, and red is the sweetest bell pepper due to being fully ripe when picked. The Purple Beauty pepper, the purple version of the common sweet bell pepper, comes in alongside it on the list of the sweetest peppers in the world, with an SHU of 0 as well.
Top 10 Sweetest Peppers in the World
- Sweet Bell Pepper: Scoville rating of 0
- Purple Beauty Pepper: Scoville rating of 0
- Gypsy Pepper: Scoville rating of 0
- Italian Sweet Pepper: Scoville rating of 1-100
- Melrose Pepper: Scoville rating of 1-100
- Tangerine Dream Pepper: Scoville rating of 0-100
- Shishito Pepper: Scoville rating of 50-200
- Carmen Italian Sweet Pepper: Scoville rating of 0-500
- Banana Pepper: Scoville rating of 0-500
- Pimento Pepper: Scoville rating of 100-500
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What is the rank heat of peppers? ›
Mild (100 to 2,500) Medium (2,500 to 30,000) Hot (30,000 to 100,000) Extra Hot (100,000 to 300,000)What are the top 25 hottest peppers in the world? ›
- Tigerpaw NR (265,000 — 328,000 SHU)
- Devil's Tongue (125,000-325,000 SHU) ...
- Fatalii (125,000-325,000 SHU) ...
- Habanero (100,000-350,000 SHU) ...
- White Habanero (100,000-350,000 SHU) ...
- Scotch Bonnet (100,000-350,000 SHU) ...
- Madame Jeanette (225,000 SHU) ...
So, where do jalapeños fall on that scale? They usually fall in the range of 2,000 to 8,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU), which sounds like a lot, but it really isn't! Some of the hottest peppers in the world measure up to 1,000,000 SHU, muy caliente!How much Scoville is Hot Cheetos? ›
According to some experts, they suggest that Flamin' Hot Cheetos rate around 50,000 Scoville units, but there's no evidence to back this up. That would place Cheetos at the lower end of the scale, with the Carolina Reaper pepper, being somewhere between 1.5 million and over 2 million units!How many Scoville is green pepper? ›
Poblanos and New Mexico Green Chilis typically run around 1,000 to 3,000 SHU, though they can be hotter. Jalapenos typically run around 2,500 to 10,000 SHU and the serrano kicks that up to between 10,000 and 25,000 SHU. The cayenne and Tabasco pepper range from 25,000 to 50,000 SHU.What are the top 50 hottest peppers? ›
|Pepper Name||Scoville Heat Units (2018 Update)|
|Pure Capsaicin||16000000 SHUs|
|Police Grade Pepper Spray||2000000 SHUs|
|1.||Carolina Reaper||2200000 SHUs|
|2.||Trinidad Moruga Scorpion||2009231 SHUs|
Lil' Nitro has been infused with our signature 9 million Scoville unit chili extract making him 900x hotter than a jalapeno pepper.What pepper is 100 times hotter than a jalapeño? ›
Habaneros go up to 350,000 Scoville units. Over 100 times hot peppers and 100 times hotter than the Jalapeno.What is the 2022 hottest pepper in the world? ›
Yep, the Hottest Pepper in 2022 is still the Carolina Reaper! The wickedly hot Carolina Reaper is still holding the Guinness World Record crown again in 2022 for being the world's hottest pepper.Is there anything hotter than 16 million Scoville? ›
Darth survived, fortunately. For now, 16 million Scoville units is the upper limit to the chilli experience — there's nothing hotter, at least with the biomolecule capsaicin.
Is Dragon's Breath hotter than Carolina Reaper? ›
Which is hotter, the Dragon's Breath or the Carolina Reaper? The Dragon's breath chili's heat level has been reported to be a scorching 2.48 million Scoville heat units (SHU), which would make it hotter than the Carolina Reaper, which offers 2.2 million SHU at its peak (a range from 1.4 million to 2.2 million SHU).What is the hottest illegal pepper? ›
At 2.48 million Scoville heat units, the Dragon's Breath is more intense than pepper spray used in law enforcement and could burn up your airways if consumed.What are the hottest peppers in America? ›
The Carolina Reaper is a cultivar of the Capsicum chinense plant. Developed by American breeder Ed Currie, the pepper is red and gnarled, with a bumpy texture and small pointed tail. In 2017, Guinness World Records declared it the hottest chili pepper in the world.What is the hottest pepper sold in stores? ›
Carolina Reaper Pepper - 4 Live Plants - The Hottest Pepper in the World - Walmart.com.How many Scoville units is wasabi? ›
Wasabi is said to have a heat level similar to Jalapeño Peppers which fall between 2,500 SHU and 8,000 SHU .How many Scoville units is Tabasco? ›
How Hot Is Sriracha?
|Hot Sauce||Scoville Heat Units (SHU)|
|Huy Fong Sriracha||2,200|
If you want to quantify it, banana peppers typically offer about 500 Scoville units (a jalapeno falls somewhere between 2,500–8,000).What is the top 3 hottest pepper? ›
FAQs On Superhots. What are the top three hottest peppers? As of 2022, the Carolina Reaper, Chocolate Bhutlah and Trinidad Moruga Scorpion are three of the hottest peppers. Check out the hottest peppers list to discover even more super hot peppers.How many Scoville units is Hot Cheetos? ›
About The Scoville Units Of Hot Cheetos
According to various sources, Flamin' Hot Cheetos typically have a Scoville unit rating of around 50,000. Hot Cheetos  are a popular snack food known for their spicy and cheesy flavor.
Yep, the Hottest Pepper in 2022 is still the Carolina Reaper! The wickedly hot Carolina Reaper is still holding the Guinness World Record crown again in 2022 for being the world's hottest pepper.
What is the mildest hot pepper? ›
The mildest peppers such as sweet bell peppers and cherry peppers are at the bottom of the Scoville scale. In the middle are peppers like Serrano, yellow hot wax peppers, and red cayenne peppers. At the hottest end of the heat scale are the Habanero and the Scotch Bonnet.What is the unofficial hottest pepper in the world? ›
Pepper X is a cultivar of Capsicum chili pepper bred by Ed Currie, creator of the Carolina Reaper. Pepper X resulted from several cross breedings that produced an exceptionally high content of capsaicin in the locules of the pepper.How many Scoville is ghost pepper? ›
The ghost pepper has an average of about 1 million Scoville Heat Units (SHU), compared to a jalapeño with around 8,000 SHU or a habanero with up to 350,000 SHU.What pepper is hotter than a ghost? ›
With an average Scoville rating of 1,200,000 SHUs, the Moruga Scorpion easily outshines the Ghost pepper. The hottest individual peppers reached just over 2 million Scoville heat units, meaning that a single Scorpion could be twice as hot as a typical Ghost pepper!Is there a pepper hotter than the Carolina Reaper? ›
There have been recent reports of a Dragon's Breath pepper claiming to be hotter than the Carolina Reaper. Preliminary testing of the Dragon's Breath pepper pegs it at 2,483,584 SHU which would blow the Carolina Reaper out of the water.